How to Pack a Bicycle for Shipping
This page explains in detail how to box your bicycle for shipping on
Assuming you decide to take your bike with you, you need to box it so it does
not get too damaged in the getting to your destination.
One of my readers suggests that
rather than boxing a bike like I describe here, simply buy a good bicycle bag from
a bike shop and disassemble your bike enough to fit in the bag (see below). She
has used her bags more than 14 times on overseas trips and have had only one problem
with damage. She recommends Cyclepro bags.
Another reader suggested that all
you need to do is remove the pedals, partially deflate the tires, and loosen the
stem to turn the handlebar. Then bag it in the heavy bag the airline provides and
you're done. If you are inventive, you may find a good use for duct tape in this
process. Actually, I think most bikes are handled in this manner.
You can either have the bike boxed by a bike shop or follow these directions
regarding boxing. Once your bike is boxed, consider putting it inside another, slightly
larger box and pad any air space between the two boxes with cardboard or bubble
The larger box can be found at America's Amtrak for $7 each. They are nice, roomy,
and built to carry bicycles. In fact, if you ask Amtrak may give you a used box
free; they gave me one. The smaller boxes can be found at your local bike shop.
Bicycle stores throw away the boxes that new bikes come in. These boxes can be challenging
because new bikes come broken down to keep the package size as small as possible.
I have found that one has to call ahead to bike stores because some recycle the
cardboard as soon as they unbox the bike that it came around. If they want to charge
you, find a better bike shop to patronize.
The instructions below are detailed and thorough. When I shipped my bike, I didn’t
have the advantage of this list. Consequently, I only thought of some of the things
the list recommends. The bike got there fine – perhaps I was lucky. I also wrapped
the entire bike box in plastic wrap when I was done. And I packed the panniers,
etc. along with the bike. One local hardware store even offered to shrink-wrap the
bike in plastic once I had it dissembled. I thought this might be overkill, so I
passed up the offer - but it certainly would have worked.
Once at your destination, you would be well advised to save your packaging materials
for the trip home. Most airports and train stations have storage services but they
cost a bit. Many people ask their first overnight accommodation to store the materials
until you return at the end of your ride. It is a good idea to make sure this is
possible when you make reservations.
Lastly, remember to take enough tools in your other luggage to put your bike
back together again upon arrival. Since 9/11/2001, this could be problematic if
you carry everything on.
Disassembling your bicycle for shipping:
- Shift the gears so that the cables are slack.
- Deflate the tires halfway for more shock absorbing capability.
- Remove the seat and the post as a unit.
- Remove the front wheel.
- Cut a small block of wood to fit between the front fork dropouts and tape
it in place. This will help prevent the fork from being bent.
- Remove the brake cables from the brake levers. If your bicycle has a very
long wheelbase, it may help to completely remove the front brake so the fork
can be rotated 180 degrees.
- Remove the handlebars and stem as a unit by loosening the stem bolt two
full turns. Then, protecting the bolt with a scrap of wood, hammer to loosen
the wedge, and pull the stem out of the steering tube. Retighten the stem bolt
to avoid losing the wedge.
- Remove the pedals. Remember that the left pedal is a left-handed thread;
the right is a standard right-hand thread.
- Tie or tape the front wheel to the right side of the frame, padding between
the wheel and frame with cardboard.
- Turn the crank arms parallel with the box bottom and tape in place.
- Make two 6-inch square “washers” of several layers of cardboard with a center
hole. Make them thick enough to prevent the front wheel axle or quick-release
end from puncturing the box. Tape these in place over the exposed front axle
end and the end of the rear axle opposite the derailleur.
- Unbolt the rear derailleur (but don’t disconnect the cable) and tape it
to the rear wheel spokes below its normal position so it doesn’t stick out past
the frame. Pad the derailleur with a roll of cardboard also taped in place.
- Cradle the handlebars and stem over the top tube or around the fork and
head tube if space permits.
Back to the top
Preparing the Box:
- Cut five pieces of cardboard, each about one foot in length, and wide enough
to fit snugly across the inside width of your box.
- Form tightly rolled tubes and fit them inside the box. These tubes will
absorb forces from the side and prevent the box walls form collapsing into the
- Place one tube inside the box near where the lower end of the front fork.
Place two tubes, slightly flattened to fit, through the rear wheel and tape
them in place. Place the other tubes where the frame top and down tubes meet,
through the front wheel spokes, and below the top tube, toward the front of
- Tape each in place.
- Lower the bike into the box, and add cardboard pad wherever any remaining
sharp or fragile parts might contact the box. Anchor the cross-bracing cardboard
tubes further by punching holes in the box sides to match the tube centers,
and securing the tubes with tape, rope, or both. The rope can also be padded
and used as convenient carrying handles. [Ed. This is an excellent idea.]
- Wrap the saddle, pedals, and other parts in newspaper or cloth and secure
them inside the box.
- Seal the box with tape and clearly label it with your name, destination,
and home address.
Note: We copied these steps with permission from The Cyclists’ Yellow Pages,
1999 Edition, by Adventure Cycling Association.
One more thought
belongs here on the How to Pack a Bike page. Some of the freight forwarding firms
in Germany (or around the world) will ship your bicycle to a physical address (house
number, street, and city with postal code) for a fee (starts around €30). One such
firm is Hermes Versand Service. If you are traveling by Deutsche Bahn (rail), you
can organize sending your bicycle by freight from house to house at least 2 days
prior to your planned arrival at your destination by calling DB's Hotline 0180-5-99-66-33
(the fee for this hotline is €0.14/minute from a landline, €0.42/minute from a mobile
phone). One can also Google "Hermes Verstand." It is not inexpensive to ship a bicycle
within Germany but it is convenient. You can pack your bike for shipment or Hermes
will pack it for you for an additional €6 - €7 per bicycle.
Back to the top